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Can pets catch coronavirus?

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« Can pets catch coronavirus? » | This article provides pet owners with an update about what veterinarians know about coronavirus disease in cats and dogs. It also explains what is currently understood about Covid-19 in relation to pets and their owners.

Disclaimer: 

  • This blog is intended as a source of general information for pet owners. It does not constitute specific veterinary advice towards a particular medical case. If you are concerned with a particular aspect of your pet’s health, please, book a video appointment to talk with a qualified veterinarian.
can pets catch coronavirus
Pets can become infected with some types of coronaviruses called CCV and FECV

Yes, pets can catch coronaviruses called CCoV and FCoV

In pets (cats and dogs), coronaviruses are also known as canine coronavirus (CCoV) and feline enteric coronavirus (FCoV). Those viruses are part of the Coronaviridae family and exhibit a single strand of RNA as opposed to other types of viruses made of DNA. 

 

Cats and dogs become infected with coronaviruses through ingestion of faecal material (contaminated surfaces). However, there is no known contamination of humans following interaction with CCoV and FCoV. 

 

Once ingested, those viruses will infect some specific parts of the small intestine cells. This will trigger the symptom of diarrhea. In the environment, those viruses have potential to infect cats and dogs for up to 3 days or longer, depending on the temperature. 

How do coronaviruses affect cats and dogs?

CCoV and FCoV are responsible for gastrointestinal disturbances in pets. The virus will induce diarrhea and vomiting. Puppies and kittens are more prone to this infectious disease. 

 

Additionally, CCoV and FCoV are highly contagious which means they will spread quickly between individuals. Thus, locations where cats and dogs are gathered such as catteries, shelters, breeding farms or multi-cat households are classified as high risk environments. 

 

In cats and dogs, depending on their age, the symptoms might not be visible. So an adult carrying CCoV/FCoV will appear healthy. Puppies and kittens affected by a coronavirus will show signs of vomiting and diarrhea. Those signs might be accompanied by lethargy and weight loss. Sometimes, blood can be visible in the faecal material, although this is not very common. 

 

In cats, the presence of feline enteric coronavirus poses a bigger threat due to its potential to randomly mutate (whilst inside the cat) into a variant able to trigger a condition called FIP (Feline Infectious Peritonitis). This disease is fatal to cats if their immune system is not able to fight it appropriately.

How to address coronavirus disease in cats and dogs?

For those young animals undergoing gastrointestinal symptoms, supportive and nursing care will be delivered, depending on the severity and individual requirements. 

 

In puppies the prognosis is good, provided there is no other serious condition involved. Following infection with FCoV, cats will not necessarily develop FIP, however a mutation of the virus is not excluded. So, for this reason, the outcome might be less certain. 

 

However, a study published in 2006, reported an outbreak of fatal cases in puppies due to a mutated variant of canine coronavirus. The authors explained it was the first time such fatal infections were reported in dogs.

 

Since CCoV and FCoV are highly contagious between individuals, it is essential to not keep groups of cats (or dogs), especially very young ones, in overcrowded spaces. Hygiene is paramount: to avoid complications (such as the potential for FIP), living environments and pet accessories must be kept clean and clear of any faecal material.  

What is known about Covid-19 (Sars-Cov-2) and pets?

Observations have been made since the beginning of the Sars-Cov-2 pandemic and reverse zoonose has been reported across the world (pets infected by humans). 

 

However, according to the World Small Animal Association, this pattern is uncommon. The pets in question did not become severely affected by Covid-19.  

 

Besides, experimental studies have been carried on cats and dogs who were intentionally infected with Sars-Cov-2 and essentially showed that:

  • Live virus could not be grown from any dog previously infected with Sars-Cov-2
  • Cats infected with Sars-Cov-2 could pass it to other cats but none developed symptoms
  • Cats and dogs were able to produce antibodies

Further source of information and readings

Pet owners interested in gathering additional information on Covid-19 and pets can look up those official resources: 

 

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Politique de confidentialité

1) DONNÉES PERSONNELLES

Les données présentes sur le formulaire de contact sont sauvegardées dans un fichier informatisé par Visionimo dont le délégué à la protection des données est Sabine Rutili : visionimovetpractice@gmail.com pour les besoins liés aux échanges avec le site Visionimovet.com. Le traitement est effectué sur la base des intérêts légitimes de la société dans la mesure où vous nous avez fait part d’une demande d’information, ou avez souhaité prendre contact avec nous.

 

Les renseignements rassemblés seront communiqués au seul destinataire suivant : Visionimo. Ces données feront l’objet de traitement dans notre département relation clients et ne seront transmises à aucun de nos prestataires.

Vos informations seront conservées pour un délai de 3 ans.

Vous garderez un droit de regard sur vos informations. Vous pourrez demander leur modification et suppression et exercer votre droit à la limitation du traitement. Vous pourrez exercer ces droits à tout moment. Pour cela, vous pourrez contacter notre Service juridique :

  • Par courriel : visionimovetpractice@gmail.com ;
  • Par courrier postal à l’adresse suivante : INQUYST Ltd Shropshire house 179, Tottenham Court Road, Bloomsbury W1T 7NZ, London
Les données enregistrées dans le formulaire de prise de rendez-vous en ligne sont acheminées vers le compte de Visionimo par la plateforme Cliniko.com, dans le but de créer une fiche client, afin de fournir le service requis et de pouvoir communiquer avec le client à propos de son rendez-vous. Cliniko.com respecte la loi Européenne concernant le traitement des données personnelles.
 
Une possibilité est offerte aux clients de souscrire à une mailing liste sur la base du consentement eclairé. L’ajout de l’adresse mail du client à cette liste est volontaire et non automatique. Une fois souscrit à la mailing list, le client a la possibilité de se désabonner sur simple demande. 
 

Aussi, vous pouvez retirer votre consentement au traitement de vos données à tout moment ou vous opposer au traitement de vos données. Vous pouvez également exercer un droit à la portabilité sur vos données personnelles.

 

Si après avoir contacté notre service juridique, vous constatez que vos droits « Informatiques et Libertés » ne sont pas respectés, vous pourrez adresser une réclamation à la Commission nationale de l’Informatique et des Libertés ou CNIL, 3 Places de Fontenoy, 75007 Paris.

 

Note : Les informations marquées d’astérisques sont obligatoires et doivent impérativement être fournies. Il s’agit de renseignements nécessaires à la fourniture des services ou la conclusion du contrat.

 

2) COOKIES

Un cookie est un petit fichier, stocké sur le disque dur d’un utilisateur par le site Web. Son but est de recueillir des données relatives aux habitudes de navigation de l’utilisateur.

 

Visionimo n’utilise des cookies que dans le cadre de statistiques de fréquentation du site, via Google Analytics ou d’un fichier pixel.

Data privacy policy

1) PERSONAL DATA

The data gathered through the « Connect with us » form is saved in an electronic format by Visionimo. The data controller person is Sabine Rutili, visionimovetpractice@gmail.com.

 

The data is stored for the needs of the service carried out by Visionimovet.com. The data is processed upon legitimate interests of the company, and in the event you have put through a query or would like to contact us.

 

The data gathered by Visionimovet.com is only communicated to the recipient which is Visionimo. The data will be processed by our customer care department et will not be transferred to a 3rd party.

 

Your data will be stored for a duration of 3 years.

 

You retain legal right to access to your information at any time. You can demand the modification or deletion of your data. You can limit or oppose the processing of your data. You can exercise this right at any time. On this instance, please, contact our legal service :

  • By email at : visionimovetpractice@gmail.com
  • By post at the following address : INQUYST Ltd Shropshire house 179, Tottenham Court Road Bloomsbury W1T 7NZ London
When clients book an online appointment, personal data is collected via a 3rd party called Cliniko.com. This 3rd party is GDPR compliant. The personal data collected allow creation of a client file and enables communication with the client, as to provide the service requested.

Clients will be offered to opt-in or opt-out of marketing communication. The client is not automatically subscribed to a mailing list upon booking an online appointment. They have to actively give their informed consent. Clients are also free to unsubscribe at any time from marketing communications, even if they had consented to it.

 

You can also retract your consent to the processing of your data at any time or oppose its processing. You have a right to exercise personal data portability.

In the event you have contacted our service and you noticed your rights are not respected, you can write a complaint to the Information Commissioner’s Office.

When you book a video appointment with a Visionimo vet, you’ll be redirected towards our dedicated platforms for appointment bookings. It is GDPR compliant, and such is the platform used for the video calls.

 

Visionimo does not process payments and does not store bank card details.

Note : the information marked with an asterisk are mandatory and must be provided. This information relates to the provision of the service or the completion of a contract.

 

2) COOKIES

Cookies are small files stored on a user’s hard drive by the website. Its goal is to gather data pertaining to website traffic. Visionimovet.com only uses cookies via Google Analytics and a Pixel file, as to draw statistics about visitors’ attendance.

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Terms of services

[Visionimo Terms and Conditions of Service]

These terms and conditions govern the use of our services and digital content. If you do not wish to agree to anything within these terms, please do not use the service and leave this website. By accessing this site or using the services, you are deemed to have accepted and agree to be bound by these terms and conditions.

Summary of Terms – TLDR;

These are key points you need to know when using our services. We recommend you read the full terms and conditions shown further down, but we have condensed the key things immediately below:

  • Visionimo is a web-based video consultation veterinary service. Our service allows you to speak to a qualified vet via a fixed-price, 15 minute online video call in order to discuss your pet’s health and wellbeing.
  • Our service is a web-based platform that connects you to a qualified veterinarian – we are not a veterinary practice and our service is not intended to be a substitute for a traditional vet.
  • This service is not for emergency pet care or prescriptions. For emergencies or medicines please contact a registered veterinary practice.
  • We respect your privacy. We will only use your personal data lawfully and, where necessary, with your consent. Please see our [insert link to PRIVACY POLICY] for more information.
  • You must be at least 18 years old to use the site or services.
  • Feedback and complaints. We hope that you will love our service but if you have any issues or comments (including positive ones), please let us know by contacting us through the contact page on the site or by emailing us at visionimovetpractice@gmail.com

Our terms

  1. These terms
    • What these terms cover. These are the terms and conditions on which we supply services and digital content to you.
    • Why you should read them. Please read these terms carefully before you use our services or digital content. These terms tell you who we are, how we will provide services to you, how you and we may change or end the contract, what to do if there is a problem and other important information. If you think that there is a mistake in these terms, please contact us to discuss.
  2. Information about us and how to contact us
    • Who we are. We are Visionimo, the trading name of Inquyst Limited a company registered in England and Wales. Our company registration number is 12479826 and our registered office is at First Floor, Shropshire House, 179, Tottenham Court Road, London, United Kingdom, W1T 7NZ. Our registered VAT number is GB 352 7571 87.
    • App use and operating system requirements. Where you use our mobile app, the rules and policies of the relevant app store may also apply to your use of the services or digital content.

Use of the site, services or digital content may require certain minimum operating system requirements in order to operate fully and these will be notified to you on the site or app store, as appropriate.

  • How to contact us. You can contact us by using our [link to] contact form or writing to us at visionimovetpractice@gmail.com.
  • How we may contact you. If we have to contact you we will do so by telephone or by writing to you at the email address or postal address you provided to us.
  • « Writing » includes emails. When we use the words « writing » or « written » in these terms, this includes emails.
  1. Use of the services, site and digital content
    • Age requirement. You must be over 18 in order to use our services.
    • How to use our service. Please book an appointment by following the instructions on the site. Once you have selected an available time slot, you will need to register your details with us and pay the fee for the consultation. You will be emailed a confirmation of the appointment time and a receipt for your payment shortly afterwards.
    • Your responsibility to provide accurate and up to date information. Please ensure that the details you provide on the site are accurate and up to date, including email address, telephone number and payment credentials. We may need to contact you after an appointment, so it is important to avoid errors.
    • Charges. Our prices are set out on the site and are fixed and inclusive of VAT. If we change our pricing, we will update this on the site and the new pricing will be effective for all bookings placed after the new pricing has been published on the site.
    • Refunds. Unfortunately, we cannot offer a refund if you cancel the appointment. If we need to postpone an appointment, we will let you know as soon as possible and offer you the opportunity to rebook another time slot. In the unlikely event that it is not possible to reschedule and appointment that we have been unable to keep, we will refund any charges already paid by you within14 days.
    • We only provide services in English and French languages Our vets are mostly English-speaking, but we do have French-speaking vets, subject to availability when booking.
  2. Our service
    • Visionimo provides a secure, video based veterinary support service. The service allows you to book an appointment with a qualified veterinary practitioner in order to discuss any health and wellbeing issues your pet may have.
    • We are not a primary pet healthcare provider and no physical examination of your pet is possible via our service. If your pet requires a physical examination, you should make an appointment with your primary veterinary provider. During any appointment with one of our vets, they may advise you to seek primary healthcare.
    • Visionimo does not provide veterinary advice itself; this is provided by the vet that you book the appointment with when using our service. The vet will assess your pet’s needs based on the information you provide during the appointment and Visionimo is not responsible for the outcome of an appointment. We will, however, ensure that any vet we connect you with is qualified and experienced.
  3. Scope of Licence
    • We own all intellectual property rights globally in our site and any app, and any material published on it and we reserve all our rights, including copyright. Under these terms, we grant you a limited licence to access the site for the purpose of receiving our services and viewing the site content
    • You may download or print a copy of any pages on the site in connection with your normal use of the services, but you may not copy, sub-licence or otherwise make our site or any part of it available to any other person without our consent. You must not modify the site or any copies you make of its pages or the content on it.
    • Any images or video content that you upload to the site or otherwise send to us (and all intellectual property rights in them) belong to you. In providing them to us, you grant us and our vets a licence to share them in connection with the provision of our services to you (for example, where we need to share your content with other vets or healthcare providers.
    • Acceptable use. You must:
      • Use the site lawfully and in accordance with these terms and not for any unlawful, fraudulent or malicious purpose;
      • Not infringe our or any third party’s intellectual property rights in your use of the site or our services;
      • Not transmit any material that is defamatory, offensive or otherwise objectionable in your use of the site or the services;
      • Not use the site or service in a way that could cause damage or impairment to our systems and security;
      • Not collect or “mine” our site or systems for data or information except as permitted by these terms;
      • Be courteous and polite during any appointment arranged through our service. Abuse or bad behaviour may lead to an appointment being terminated, forfeiture of fees paid by you and being barred from the site or from using our service.
  1. Our rights to make changes
    • We may update this site or any app in order to improve it, deal with security issues or alter the functionality. Where an app is updated, this may occur automatically, depending on your mobile device settings. If you do not agree to such updates, you may not be able to continue using the site or app.
    • It may be necessary for us to change these terms to reflect changes in the law or practice regulations. If we do change these terms, we will give you as much notice as possible before the changes take effect, either by email or through the site to let you know. If you do not wish to accept any updated terms, please do not use the site or our service.
  2. Our responsibility for loss or damage suffered by you
    • We provide this site, the content and the services on an as is basis and make no representations, warranties or guarantees, either express or implied that the site, content or services are accurate, complete or up to date. We are responsible for connecting you to a qualified vet but not for the advice that a vet may give to you. If you have concerns about the advice a vet has given you or believe the vet has committed malpractice, please contact the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (https://www.rcvs.org.uk/concerns/).
    • Medicines and Emergencies. Our service is not suitable for situations where an animal requires urgent or life-saving care. Please contact a suitable veterinary practice for emergencies.

We are not a pharmacy and do not issue or supply prescriptions or medicines. Please speak to a registered veterinary practice for pharmaceutical needs.

  • We are responsible to you for foreseeable loss and damage caused by us. If we fail to comply with these terms, we are responsible for loss or damage you suffer that is a foreseeable result of our breaking this contract or our failing to use reasonable care and skill, but we are not responsible for any loss or damage that is not foreseeable. Loss or damage is foreseeable if either it is obvious that it will happen or if, at the time the contract was made, both we and you knew it might happen.
  • We do not exclude or limit in any way our liability to you where it would be unlawful to do so. This includes liability for death or personal injury caused by our negligence or the negligence of our employees, agents or subcontractors; for fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation.
  • We will not be liable for damage which you could have avoided by following our advice to apply an update offered to you free of charge or for damage which was caused by you failing to correctly follow installation instructions or to have in place the minimum system requirements advised by us.
  1. How we may use your personal information
    • How we may use your personal information. We will only use your personal information as set out in our [insert PRIVACY POLICY].
  2. Other important terms
    • We may transfer this agreement to someone else. We may transfer our rights and obligations under these terms to another organisation. We will always tell you in writing if this happens and we will ensure that the transfer will not affect your rights under the contract.
    • Nobody else has any rights under this contract. This contract is between you and us. No other person shall have any rights to enforce any of its terms.
    • If a court finds part of this contract illegal, the rest will continue in force. Each of the paragraphs of these terms operates separately. If any court or relevant authority decides that any of them are unlawful, the remaining paragraphs will remain in full force and effect.
    • Even if we delay in enforcing this contract, we can still enforce it later. If we do not insist immediately that you do anything you are required to do under these terms, or if we delay in taking steps against you in respect of your breaking this contract, that will not mean that you do not have to do those things and it will not prevent us taking steps against you at a later date.
    • Which laws apply to this contract and where you may bring legal proceedings. These terms are governed by English law and you can bring legal proceedings in respect of the services in the English courts. If you live in Scotland you can bring legal proceedings in respect of the products in either the Scottish or the English courts. If you live in Northern Ireland you can bring legal proceedings in respect of the products in either the Northern Irish or the English courts.
    • Alternative dispute resolution. Alternative dispute resolution is a process where an independent body considers the facts of a dispute and seeks to resolve it, without you having to go to court. If you are not happy with how we have handled any complaint, you may want to contact the alternative dispute resolution provider we use.