Date

How is cat asthma diagnosed and treated?

Partager sur facebook
Partager sur whatsapp
Partager sur tumblr
Partager sur pinterest
Partager sur email

« How is cat asthma diagnosed and treated? » | People who own cats might be confronted to situations where they witness their cats struggling to breathe. In some instances, their cats could then be diagnosed as being asthmatic. This begs them to ask themselves: « How is cat asthma diagnosed and treated? ». This blog aims to provide an overview of the condition and what could be done, from a vet’s perspective.

 

Disclaimer: 

 

  • Please, if you are worried because your cat is currently showing signs of breathing difficulties, don’t read this blog and contact your closest veterinary surgery immediately.
  • This blog is intended as a source of general information for pet owners. It does not constitute specific veterinary advice towards a particular medical case. If you are concerned with a particular aspect of your pet’s health, please, make an appointment to talk with a qualified veterinarian.
How is cat asthma treated and diagnosed?

What are the general symptoms of cat asthma?

Asthma in cats shows up as symptoms that should be taken very seriously. A crisis can potentially be life-threatening. This condition is also known as Feline Allergic Asthma / Bronchitis and is triggered by allergens.

 

The directly observable signs include:

 

  • cough, which could be confused with the attempt to pass a hairball
  • wheezes, a special category of respiratory sounds
  • respiratory distress, which means the cat is making an active effort to breathe (dyspnoea) or can be seen breathing more rapidly than normal (tachypnoea)

The condition tends to affect young to middle-aged cats of either gender. The occurrence of symptoms can be linked with the permanent presence (indoor) versus the seasonality of allergens involved (outdoor). 

 

Asthma is developed through a pattern involving the immune system. Allergens activate a certain type of cells, called T-helper lymphocytes, by which cytokines are produced. 

 

Cytokines enable production of Ig E (immunoglobulin E) and the apparition of inflammatory cells (mostly a type of white blood cells called eosinophils) as well as the signs of hyper-reactivity occurring in the cat’s respiratory system, such as the constriction (reduced diameter) of the airways. 

 

Constricted airways prevent normal flow of air in the lung, leading to the observed breathing difficulties. It becomes more difficult for the cat to expire, which is why pet owners may observe their cats trying to push air out. 

 

The following sections will inform pet owners on how is cat asthma diagnosed and treated.

How to diagnose cat asthma?

Veterinarians are in the best position to help pet owners diagnose asthma in their cats. This will involve taking a history from the owners and carrying a physical examination. 

 

The vet examination may happen at a time of crisis where the cat would be showing the signs of cough, wheezes and respiratory distress. It is important for the vet to differentiate those symptoms from other conditions where they could also be present:

 

  • Pleural effusion (presence of fluids around the lungs)
  • Cardiogenic or noncardiogenic pulmonary oedema (fluids inside the lungs)
  • Pneumonia (infection related)
  • Neoplasia (cancer)
  • Interstitial lung disease 
  • Laryngeal disease(upper airway involvement)

Besides a physical examination, the vet will likely recommend x-rays, blood and faecal testing to understand the signs further. This combination of tests help the veterinarian to differentiate from possible involvement of parasites, such as lungworms and heartworms.

 

More advanced or confirmatory testing could include:

 

  • ECG
  • Respiratory wash cytology, which broadly speaking is a lavage of the lungs, where the liquid collected is then analysed to understand the nature of the cells involved and/or whether an infection is also present
  • Bronchoprovocation, which is a type of specialised testing done at a referral centre
More extensive testing and routes of investigation come at a cost, hence vets will discuss available options with pet owners on a case by case basis.

How to treat asthma in cats?

In a crisis, the immediate priority is to stabilise the cat. It is highly recommended to minimise the stress associated with the handling of the cat and help him/her by administering oxygen, which is done at the veterinary practice. 

 

A set of medications is used to enable the opening of the airways. Those products, depending on their types, can be administered by injection or through a inhaler. 

 

In a chronic situation, since asthma in cats is triggered by allergens, the goal is to avoid the contact with those. In practice it will be difficult to entirely restrict allergens in the environment, so the aim is to seek a reduced exposure to airborne particles. For example, pet owners could use non-dusty cat litter, avoid producing smoke and/or using aerosols in the living environment of their asthmatic cats. 

 

In addition, veterinarians can prescribe a chronic treatment to help with airway dilation and the reduction of inflammation. Veterinarians will also educate and train pet owners on how to help their cats at home, in case of an acute asthma crisis. 

 

The prognosis of asthma in cats depends on the severity of each case and the symptoms involved during a crisis. For example, if respiratory distress is involved, the cat is at increased risk of sudden death. Patients with a good control of airway inflammation, through both medical and environmental management, have generally a better prognosis than those where inflammation fails to respond positively to treatment. 

 

If you would like to obtain further advice, Visionimo allows pet owners to book video appointments and to speak with a qualified veterinarian. You can find more information here.

Partager sur facebook
Partager sur whatsapp
Partager sur tumblr
Partager sur pinterest
Partager sur email

Conditions générales de vente

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo. 

Politique de confidentialité

1) DONNÉES PERSONNELLES

Les données présentes sur le formulaire de contact sont sauvegardées dans un fichier informatisé par Visionimo dont le délégué à la protection des données est Sabine Rutili : visionimovetpractice@gmail.com pour les besoins liés aux échanges avec le site Visionimovet.com. Le traitement est effectué sur la base des intérêts légitimes de la société dans la mesure où vous nous avez fait part d’une demande d’information, ou avez souhaité prendre contact avec nous.

 

Les renseignements rassemblés seront communiqués au seul destinataire suivant : Visionimo. Ces données feront l’objet de traitement dans notre département relation clients et ne seront transmises à aucun de nos prestataires.

Vos informations seront conservées pour un délai de 3 ans.

Vous garderez un droit de regard sur vos informations. Vous pourrez demander leur modification et suppression et exercer votre droit à la limitation du traitement. Vous pourrez exercer ces droits à tout moment. Pour cela, vous pourrez contacter notre Service juridique :

  • Par courriel : visionimovetpractice@gmail.com ;
  • Par courrier postal à l’adresse suivante : INQUYST Ltd Shropshire house 179, Tottenham Court Road, Bloomsbury W1T 7NZ, London
Les données enregistrées dans le formulaire de prise de rendez-vous en ligne sont acheminées vers le compte de Visionimo par la plateforme Cliniko.com, dans le but de créer une fiche client, afin de fournir le service requis et de pouvoir communiquer avec le client à propos de son rendez-vous. Cliniko.com respecte la loi Européenne concernant le traitement des données personnelles.
 
Une possibilité est offerte aux clients de souscrire à une mailing liste sur la base du consentement eclairé. L’ajout de l’adresse mail du client à cette liste est volontaire et non automatique. Une fois souscrit à la mailing list, le client a la possibilité de se désabonner sur simple demande. 
 

Aussi, vous pouvez retirer votre consentement au traitement de vos données à tout moment ou vous opposer au traitement de vos données. Vous pouvez également exercer un droit à la portabilité sur vos données personnelles.

 

Si après avoir contacté notre service juridique, vous constatez que vos droits « Informatiques et Libertés » ne sont pas respectés, vous pourrez adresser une réclamation à la Commission nationale de l’Informatique et des Libertés ou CNIL, 3 Places de Fontenoy, 75007 Paris.

 

Note : Les informations marquées d’astérisques sont obligatoires et doivent impérativement être fournies. Il s’agit de renseignements nécessaires à la fourniture des services ou la conclusion du contrat.

 

2) COOKIES

Un cookie est un petit fichier, stocké sur le disque dur d’un utilisateur par le site Web. Son but est de recueillir des données relatives aux habitudes de navigation de l’utilisateur.

 

Visionimo n’utilise des cookies que dans le cadre de statistiques de fréquentation du site, via Google Analytics ou d’un fichier pixel.

Data privacy policy

1) PERSONAL DATA

The data gathered through the « Connect with us » form is saved in an electronic format by Visionimo. The data controller person is Sabine Rutili, visionimovetpractice@gmail.com.

 

The data is stored for the needs of the service carried out by Visionimovet.com. The data is processed upon legitimate interests of the company, and in the event you have put through a query or would like to contact us.

 

The data gathered by Visionimovet.com is only communicated to the recipient which is Visionimo. The data will be processed by our customer care department et will not be transferred to a 3rd party.

 

Your data will be stored for a duration of 3 years.

 

You retain legal right to access to your information at any time. You can demand the modification or deletion of your data. You can limit or oppose the processing of your data. You can exercise this right at any time. On this instance, please, contact our legal service :

  • By email at : visionimovetpractice@gmail.com
  • By post at the following address : INQUYST Ltd Shropshire house 179, Tottenham Court Road Bloomsbury W1T 7NZ London
When clients book an online appointment, personal data is collected via a 3rd party called Cliniko.com. This 3rd party is GDPR compliant. The personal data collected allow creation of a client file and enables communication with the client, as to provide the service requested.

Clients will be offered to opt-in or opt-out of marketing communication. The client is not automatically subscribed to a mailing list upon booking an online appointment. They have to actively give their informed consent. Clients are also free to unsubscribe at any time from marketing communications, even if they had consented to it.

 

You can also retract your consent to the processing of your data at any time or oppose its processing. You have a right to exercise personal data portability.

In the event you have contacted our service and you noticed your rights are not respected, you can write a complaint to the Information Commissioner’s Office.

When you book a video appointment with a Visionimo vet, you’ll be redirected towards our dedicated platforms for appointment bookings. It is GDPR compliant, and such is the platform used for the video calls.

 

Visionimo does not process payments and does not store bank card details.

Note : the information marked with an asterisk are mandatory and must be provided. This information relates to the provision of the service or the completion of a contract.

 

2) COOKIES

Cookies are small files stored on a user’s hard drive by the website. Its goal is to gather data pertaining to website traffic. Visionimovet.com only uses cookies via Google Analytics and a Pixel file, as to draw statistics about visitors’ attendance.

Connect with us

Terms of services

[Visionimo Terms and Conditions of Service]

These terms and conditions govern the use of our services and digital content. If you do not wish to agree to anything within these terms, please do not use the service and leave this website. By accessing this site or using the services, you are deemed to have accepted and agree to be bound by these terms and conditions.

Summary of Terms – TLDR;

These are key points you need to know when using our services. We recommend you read the full terms and conditions shown further down, but we have condensed the key things immediately below:

  • Visionimo is a web-based video consultation veterinary service. Our service allows you to speak to a qualified vet via a fixed-price, 15 minute online video call in order to discuss your pet’s health and wellbeing.
  • Our service is a web-based platform that connects you to a qualified veterinarian – we are not a veterinary practice and our service is not intended to be a substitute for a traditional vet.
  • This service is not for emergency pet care or prescriptions. For emergencies or medicines please contact a registered veterinary practice.
  • We respect your privacy. We will only use your personal data lawfully and, where necessary, with your consent. Please see our [insert link to PRIVACY POLICY] for more information.
  • You must be at least 18 years old to use the site or services.
  • Feedback and complaints. We hope that you will love our service but if you have any issues or comments (including positive ones), please let us know by contacting us through the contact page on the site or by emailing us at visionimovetpractice@gmail.com

Our terms

  1. These terms
    • What these terms cover. These are the terms and conditions on which we supply services and digital content to you.
    • Why you should read them. Please read these terms carefully before you use our services or digital content. These terms tell you who we are, how we will provide services to you, how you and we may change or end the contract, what to do if there is a problem and other important information. If you think that there is a mistake in these terms, please contact us to discuss.
  2. Information about us and how to contact us
    • Who we are. We are Visionimo, the trading name of Inquyst Limited a company registered in England and Wales. Our company registration number is 12479826 and our registered office is at First Floor, Shropshire House, 179, Tottenham Court Road, London, United Kingdom, W1T 7NZ. Our registered VAT number is GB 352 7571 87.
    • App use and operating system requirements. Where you use our mobile app, the rules and policies of the relevant app store may also apply to your use of the services or digital content.

Use of the site, services or digital content may require certain minimum operating system requirements in order to operate fully and these will be notified to you on the site or app store, as appropriate.

  • How to contact us. You can contact us by using our [link to] contact form or writing to us at visionimovetpractice@gmail.com.
  • How we may contact you. If we have to contact you we will do so by telephone or by writing to you at the email address or postal address you provided to us.
  • « Writing » includes emails. When we use the words « writing » or « written » in these terms, this includes emails.
  1. Use of the services, site and digital content
    • Age requirement. You must be over 18 in order to use our services.
    • How to use our service. Please book an appointment by following the instructions on the site. Once you have selected an available time slot, you will need to register your details with us and pay the fee for the consultation. You will be emailed a confirmation of the appointment time and a receipt for your payment shortly afterwards.
    • Your responsibility to provide accurate and up to date information. Please ensure that the details you provide on the site are accurate and up to date, including email address, telephone number and payment credentials. We may need to contact you after an appointment, so it is important to avoid errors.
    • Charges. Our prices are set out on the site and are fixed and inclusive of VAT. If we change our pricing, we will update this on the site and the new pricing will be effective for all bookings placed after the new pricing has been published on the site.
    • Refunds. Unfortunately, we cannot offer a refund if you cancel the appointment. If we need to postpone an appointment, we will let you know as soon as possible and offer you the opportunity to rebook another time slot. In the unlikely event that it is not possible to reschedule and appointment that we have been unable to keep, we will refund any charges already paid by you within14 days.
    • We only provide services in English and French languages Our vets are mostly English-speaking, but we do have French-speaking vets, subject to availability when booking.
  2. Our service
    • Visionimo provides a secure, video based veterinary support service. The service allows you to book an appointment with a qualified veterinary practitioner in order to discuss any health and wellbeing issues your pet may have.
    • We are not a primary pet healthcare provider and no physical examination of your pet is possible via our service. If your pet requires a physical examination, you should make an appointment with your primary veterinary provider. During any appointment with one of our vets, they may advise you to seek primary healthcare.
    • Visionimo does not provide veterinary advice itself; this is provided by the vet that you book the appointment with when using our service. The vet will assess your pet’s needs based on the information you provide during the appointment and Visionimo is not responsible for the outcome of an appointment. We will, however, ensure that any vet we connect you with is qualified and experienced.
  3. Scope of Licence
    • We own all intellectual property rights globally in our site and any app, and any material published on it and we reserve all our rights, including copyright. Under these terms, we grant you a limited licence to access the site for the purpose of receiving our services and viewing the site content
    • You may download or print a copy of any pages on the site in connection with your normal use of the services, but you may not copy, sub-licence or otherwise make our site or any part of it available to any other person without our consent. You must not modify the site or any copies you make of its pages or the content on it.
    • Any images or video content that you upload to the site or otherwise send to us (and all intellectual property rights in them) belong to you. In providing them to us, you grant us and our vets a licence to share them in connection with the provision of our services to you (for example, where we need to share your content with other vets or healthcare providers.
    • Acceptable use. You must:
      • Use the site lawfully and in accordance with these terms and not for any unlawful, fraudulent or malicious purpose;
      • Not infringe our or any third party’s intellectual property rights in your use of the site or our services;
      • Not transmit any material that is defamatory, offensive or otherwise objectionable in your use of the site or the services;
      • Not use the site or service in a way that could cause damage or impairment to our systems and security;
      • Not collect or “mine” our site or systems for data or information except as permitted by these terms;
      • Be courteous and polite during any appointment arranged through our service. Abuse or bad behaviour may lead to an appointment being terminated, forfeiture of fees paid by you and being barred from the site or from using our service.
  1. Our rights to make changes
    • We may update this site or any app in order to improve it, deal with security issues or alter the functionality. Where an app is updated, this may occur automatically, depending on your mobile device settings. If you do not agree to such updates, you may not be able to continue using the site or app.
    • It may be necessary for us to change these terms to reflect changes in the law or practice regulations. If we do change these terms, we will give you as much notice as possible before the changes take effect, either by email or through the site to let you know. If you do not wish to accept any updated terms, please do not use the site or our service.
  2. Our responsibility for loss or damage suffered by you
    • We provide this site, the content and the services on an as is basis and make no representations, warranties or guarantees, either express or implied that the site, content or services are accurate, complete or up to date. We are responsible for connecting you to a qualified vet but not for the advice that a vet may give to you. If you have concerns about the advice a vet has given you or believe the vet has committed malpractice, please contact the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (https://www.rcvs.org.uk/concerns/).
    • Medicines and Emergencies. Our service is not suitable for situations where an animal requires urgent or life-saving care. Please contact a suitable veterinary practice for emergencies.

We are not a pharmacy and do not issue or supply prescriptions or medicines. Please speak to a registered veterinary practice for pharmaceutical needs.

  • We are responsible to you for foreseeable loss and damage caused by us. If we fail to comply with these terms, we are responsible for loss or damage you suffer that is a foreseeable result of our breaking this contract or our failing to use reasonable care and skill, but we are not responsible for any loss or damage that is not foreseeable. Loss or damage is foreseeable if either it is obvious that it will happen or if, at the time the contract was made, both we and you knew it might happen.
  • We do not exclude or limit in any way our liability to you where it would be unlawful to do so. This includes liability for death or personal injury caused by our negligence or the negligence of our employees, agents or subcontractors; for fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation.
  • We will not be liable for damage which you could have avoided by following our advice to apply an update offered to you free of charge or for damage which was caused by you failing to correctly follow installation instructions or to have in place the minimum system requirements advised by us.
  1. How we may use your personal information
    • How we may use your personal information. We will only use your personal information as set out in our [insert PRIVACY POLICY].
  2. Other important terms
    • We may transfer this agreement to someone else. We may transfer our rights and obligations under these terms to another organisation. We will always tell you in writing if this happens and we will ensure that the transfer will not affect your rights under the contract.
    • Nobody else has any rights under this contract. This contract is between you and us. No other person shall have any rights to enforce any of its terms.
    • If a court finds part of this contract illegal, the rest will continue in force. Each of the paragraphs of these terms operates separately. If any court or relevant authority decides that any of them are unlawful, the remaining paragraphs will remain in full force and effect.
    • Even if we delay in enforcing this contract, we can still enforce it later. If we do not insist immediately that you do anything you are required to do under these terms, or if we delay in taking steps against you in respect of your breaking this contract, that will not mean that you do not have to do those things and it will not prevent us taking steps against you at a later date.
    • Which laws apply to this contract and where you may bring legal proceedings. These terms are governed by English law and you can bring legal proceedings in respect of the services in the English courts. If you live in Scotland you can bring legal proceedings in respect of the products in either the Scottish or the English courts. If you live in Northern Ireland you can bring legal proceedings in respect of the products in either the Northern Irish or the English courts.
    • Alternative dispute resolution. Alternative dispute resolution is a process where an independent body considers the facts of a dispute and seeks to resolve it, without you having to go to court. If you are not happy with how we have handled any complaint, you may want to contact the alternative dispute resolution provider we use.